19 Dic Uk China Hk Agreement
But the UK says the deal – known as a joint declaration – is under threat because the region has passed a new law that gives China new extended controls over Hong Kong residents. This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers. It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988. It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing. Hong Kong`s autonomy was guaranteed by the «one country, two systems» agreement, enshrined in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration signed by then-Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. One of the most important achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial navigation, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whale fishing, underwater telegraph, space and many others. It also agreed to a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Under these agreements, agreements were reached for the continued implementation of some 200 international conventions to HKSAR after 30 June 1997.
Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. During the 2014 Umbrella Revolution, a campaign against perceived violations of mainland China in HKSAR, Chinese officials concluded for the first time that China considered the joint declaration «invalid,» according to a British MP.  This conclusion was found to be «manifestly erroneous» by a senior Hong Kong lawyer and rejected by the British Foreign Minister, who stated that the document was a legally binding agreement that had to be respected.   Rita Fan, then Hong Kong`s only representative on the Standing Committee of the National People`s Congress in Beijing, stated that responsibility for the UK`s oversight had expired and that the joint declaration did not provide for universal suffrage.  The signing of the joint declaration caused controversy in Britain because British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher agreed with the Chinese Communist government, represented by Deng Xiaoping.  In the White Paper containing the Joint Statement, Her Majesty`s Government stated that «the alternative to the adoption of this agreement is not to reach an agreement», a statement that refuted criticism that the Declaration had made too many concessions to China and highlighted China`s considerable influence during the negotiations.  Some political analysts felt that an agreement was urgently needed, as there were concerns that Hong Kong`s economy would collapse without a contract in the 1980s.